Weekly paclitaxel as a single agent or in combination with carboplatin or weekly topotecan in patients with resistant ovarian cancer: the CARTAXHY randomized phase II trial from Groupe d'Investigateurs Nationaux pour l'Etude des Cancers Ovariens (GINECO)

TitleWeekly paclitaxel as a single agent or in combination with carboplatin or weekly topotecan in patients with resistant ovarian cancer: the CARTAXHY randomized phase II trial from Groupe d'Investigateurs Nationaux pour l'Etude des Cancers Ovariens (GINECO)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsLortholary, A, Largillier, R, Weber, B, Gladieff, L, Alexandre, J, Durando, X, Slama, B, Dauba, J, Paraiso, D, Pujade-Lauraine, E, France, GINECOGroup
JournalAnn Oncol
Volume23
Pagination346-52
Keywords80 and over Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/*therapeutic use Carboplatin/administration & dosage Female Humans Middle Aged Neoplasm Recurrence, Adult Aged Aged, Local/*drug therapy/mortality Ovarian Neoplasms/*drug therapy/mortality Paclitaxel/administration & dosage Survival Analysis Topotecan/administration & dosage
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Platinum rechallenge or weekly topotecan in combination have not been evaluated in randomized trials for resistant recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC). METHODS: Patients with ROC after first- or second-line treatment including a platinum and taxane and progression within 6 months were randomized to weekly paclitaxel (wP, 80 mg/m(2)/week) alone or in combination with carboplatin (C, area under the curve of 5 mg/ml/min every 4 weeks) or weekly topotecan (wT, 3 mg/m(2)/week). Primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS) comparing wP and combination therapy. RESULTS: Patients (n = 165) received a median three cycles in each arm. Nonhematologic toxicity was not different, except increased hypersensitivity reactions with wP + C. Grade 3-4 hematologic toxic effects with wP, wP + C, and wP + wT, respectively, were neutropenia in 13%, 54%, and 42%; febrile neutropenia in 0%, 4%, and 5%; and anemia in 6%, 19%, and 29%. Response rates were 35%, 37%, and 39%, and median PFS times were 3.7, 4.8, and 5.4 months, respectively. PFS was not significantly different among the treatment arms [hazard ratio (HR) 0.922; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.765-1.111; P = 0.46] or between monotherapy and combination therapy (HR 0.951; 95% CI 0.686-1.318; P = 0.76). CONCLUSIONS: Combination chemotherapy in platinum-resistant ROC was more toxic than weekly paclitaxel and did not significantly prolong PFS.